# HOW TO READ YOUR WATER METER

### How a meter works

A water meter is measures the quantity (volume) of water that passes through a pipe or other outlet. Typically, meters use a standard unit of measure for volume, such as cubic feet or gallons. Your meter works like a car odometer, recording the cumulative amount of water that has passed through the meter. WUM records every reading, and subtracts the old reading from the new reading to determine the amount of water used since the previous read. By understanding how to read your meter and calculate your usage, you will be able to verify that we are reading your meter fairly and accurately, and to spot problems, such as leaks.

### Why read your meter

# Helpful Tip:

Reading your meter periodically and recording results helps in water conservation practices and in identifying water leaks early.

# Bill Higher Than Normal?

Follow the leak check procedures below to find out if you have a leak!

##### STEP 1: Locate Your Meter Box

##### STEP 2. Identify Your Water Meter

##### Digital Meter

##### STEP 3. Anatomy of a Digital Meter

**Display**– alternates between the meter read and flow rate**Unit of Measure**– WUM provides both meters that measure in cubic feet and meters that measure in gallons. 100 cubic feet of water is equal to 748 gallons of water.

##### STEP 4. Identifying your Unit of Measurement

##### STEP 5a. How To Read Your Meter (Digital-Cubic Feet)

^{3}* &.48 = 255,928.2 gallons Now we know that 255,928.2 gallons have been used since the date of installation.

##### STEP 5b. How To Read Your Meter (Digital-Gallons)

##### STEP 6. Performing a Leak Test (Digital Meters)

- Turn off all indoor and outdoor water appliances. Don’t forget icemakers and irrigation spigots. Also, do not turn on any water during this test.
- Learning to read your meter: There will be two different numbers that display on your meter. They are the meter read and flow rate. The meter read is the total amount of water used since the installation date. It will always be the larger number. The other number that will flash on the screen is the flow rate. This is how much water is flowing currently.
- After turning off your water, record the meter read on your odometer. This will be your 1st Reading.* *When all water is off, if the flow rate is not 0, then you have a small leak.
- Wait 20 minutes. This is the minimum amount of time needed to give you a clear read.
- After the 20 minutes have passed, go back to your water meter and take another reading of the numbers on your “odometer.” This is your 2nd Reading.
- Do the math.

If X equals 0, and your low flow indicator is not moving, then you do not have a leak.

If x is any number greater than 0, but all water utilities are turned off, then you have a leak.

##### A note to those with digital meters

##### A note about leaks

##### Analog Meter

##### STEP 3. Anatomy of an Analog Meter

##### STEP 4. Identifying your Unit of Measurement

##### STEP 5a. How To Read Your Meter (Analog-Cubic Feet)

^{3}* &.48 = 255,928.2 gallons Now we know that 255,928.2 gallons have been used since the date of installation.

##### STEP 5b. How To Read Your Meter (Analog-Gallons)

##### STEP 6. Performing a Leak Test (Analog Meters)

- Turn off all indoor and outdoor water appliances. Don’t forget icemakers and irrigation spigots. Also, do not turn on any water during this test.
- After turning off your water, record the meter read on your odometer. This will be your 1st Reading.* *If you see that your low flow indicator is moving while all water is turned off, this means that you have a very small leak.
- Wait 20 minutes. This is the minimum amount of time needed to give you a clear read.
- After the 20 minutes have passed, go back to your water meter and take another reading of the numbers on your odometer. This is your 2nd Reading.
- Do the math.

If X equals 0, and your low flow indicator is not moving, then you do not have a leak.

If x is any number greater than 0, but all water utilities are turned off, then you have a leak.